Skip to main content

About this Show

Democracy Now

Series/Special. Current Events & News in the World

NETWORK

DURATION
01:00:00

RATING

SCANNED IN
Annapolis, MD, USA

SOURCE
Comcast Cable

TUNER
Channel 78 (549 MHz)

VIDEO CODEC
mpeg2video

AUDIO CODEC
ac3

PIXEL WIDTH
528

PIXEL HEIGHT
480

TOPIC FREQUENCY

Us 13, Birmingham 11, Memphis 9, Washington 9, U.s. 9, Dr. Martin Luther King 8, Dr. King 6, Nato 5, Amy Goodman 4, Israel 4, United States 3, Montgomery 3, New York 3, Lord 3, Philip Randolph 2, Bp 2, Mississippi 2, Tennessee 2, Los Angeles 2, Pentagon 2,
Borrow a DVD
of this show
  WHUT    Democracy Now    Series/Special. Current  
   Events & News in the World  

    February 25, 2013
    6:00 - 7:00pm EST  

6:00pm
02/25/13 02/25/13 [captioning made possible by democracy now!] >> from pacifica, this is "democracy now!" >> i will not rest until we're able to make this kind of witness in this city so that the power structure will have to say, we cannot stop this movement and the only way to deal with it is to give these people what we owe them and what their god-given rights and their constitutional rights demand. ♪ >> you have got to keep the
6:01pm
white and the blacks separate. >> "king: a filmed record...from montgomery to memphis." in a black history month special, we air excerpts of the releasing oscar-nominated documentary about dr. martin luther king and the rise of the civil-rights movement. the film was originally screened for one night only in 1970 in more than 600 theaters across the united states. it has rarely been seen since then in the past four decades. today in a "democracy now!" special, we air extensive footage of the montgomery bus boycott, and in its 50th anniversary year of the 1963 march on washington for jobs and freedom, we hear dr. king and his own words. all of that and more coming up. this is "democracy now!," democracynow.org, the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman.
6:02pm
afghan president karzai has ordered his special operations forces out of the province of wardak for alleged involvement in crimes against civilians. in a statement, karzai accused u.s. special forces of "harassing, annoying, torturing and even murdering innocent people." karzai aides say the allegations pertains to afghan forces operating under u.s. command. the ban will take effect in two weeks. the move comes days after nato members wrapped up a key summit on the future of the occupation of afghanistan after 2014. defense secretary leon panetta denied claims the u.s. plans to keep 8000-12,000 troops in afghanistan after its formal withdrawal 2014. panetta said this figures would comprise the total nato force, not just u.s. contingent. >> we want to be able to have the flexibility to look at a range of options that we ought
6:03pm
to have for our enduring presence, but i want to make very clear that the range of options we were discussing was with regards to the nato force. the nato force consists of both the u.s. presence plus nato contributions. >> the obama administration has increased u.s. military deployment in the african country of niger to at least 100 soldiers. obama told congress on friday the troops would be deployed under a mission of intelligence sharing with french soldiers in neighboring mali. but pentagon officials have confirmed the troops will help set up a previously reported u.s. airbase. the base will be used to fly drones for surveillance and potentially for missile strikes. outrage over israel's imprisonment of thousands of palestinians is growing after the death of a prisoner in israeli custody. these are the government claims the prisoner, arafat jaradat, died of a heart attack. but no signs of heart failure were found during the autopsy, and a palestinian doctor who examined his body says he saw
6:04pm
visible signs of torture. arafat jaradat was arrested in the occupied west bank last week for throwing rocks at israeli settlers. at a news conference in ramallah, the palestinian authority minister for prisoner affairs said israel is responsible for arafat jaradat's death. >> there were visible marks in the autopsy that made it clear the detainee, arafat jaradat, was badly tortured, which caused his immediate death. israel bears the responsibility for killing during the interrogation. >> arafat jaradat's death sparked protests across the occupied west bank on sunday. around 3000 palestinians prisoners refused to eat meals. it was the latest in a series of actions of the plight of palestinians in israeli jails. clashes on server to in the west bank saturday after its release settlers shot two palestinians. there reportedly had encroached on the land of a palestinian
6:05pm
farmer. israel is pressuring the palestinian authority to crack down on the protests that a president obama's visit next month. in israeli government statement says it has relayed to the palestinian authority "in unequivocal demand to calm the territory." tens of thousands of people rallied in spain's capital of madrid on saturday in the latest in a series of protests against economic austerity and political corruption. the demonstration was organized under the banner of "citizen tide," a call for a massive uprising to stop a wave of privatization, layoffs, and cuts to public services. at least 45 people were arrested after clashes erupted between protesters and police. cuban president raúl castro has announced plans to retire the end of his second term in 2018. in a surprise move, castro told cuban lawmakers he would step down from the cuban presidency 10 years after replacing his brother fidel in 2008.
6:06pm
the cuban national assembly has named miguel diaz-canel as first vice-president, many he would replace raúl castro should he be unable to complete the rest of his term. more radioactive leaking has been discovered at washington state's hanford nuclear reservation, the nation's most polluted nuclear weapons production site. at least six tanks are leaking reactive waist up from last its disclosure of just one tank. hanford currently houses more than 53 million gallons of radioactive waste. washington state officials insist the leak poses no immediate risk to public health. the oil giant bp squares off against the federal government today in court in a civil trial for damages arising from the 2010 gulf of mexico oil spill. the wall street journal reports the justice the party has considered offering bp an out- of-court settlement under which it would pay $16 billion. but bp has insisted on taking the case to trial in the face of what it calls "demands that are
6:07pm
excessive and not based on reality or the merits of the case." bp faces fines of up to $21 billion for penalties under the clean water act and payments under the natural resources damage assessment. in november, bp agreed to plead guilty to criminal charges and pay a $4.5 billion fine. the top catholic leader in britain has stepped down amidst allegations of homosexual behavior toward fellow church officials. cardinal keith o'brien announced his resignation today after the disclosure three priests and a former cleric had launched complaints about him dating back 30 years. one of the complaint said o'brien had made unwanted advances after a late-night drinking session. o'brien has rejected the allegations, but in a statement he said --
6:08pm
he opposed same-sex marriage and once said lgbt people are " captives of sexual aberrations." cargo o'brien had plan on attending the upcoming conclave in vatican city to select a successor to pope benedict, but now says he will not be going. on saturday, victims of church sex abuse gathered at a los angeles church to call on cardinal roger mahoney also dropped out of the conclave. recently disclosed internal documents have confirmed mahony and other top church officials of the roman catholic archdiocese of los angeles deliberately hid evidence of child molestation for more than a decade. >> what i deliver today is a message of pain from thousands of catholics, cardinal, bishops, and leaders of the church, listen to the cries of your flocked. respect the victims of abuse and cover-up. do not run from it. your scandal week's pain to the
6:09pm
faithful. >> crummel huddie believes he has the blessing of the people -- cardinal mahony believes he has the blessing of the people but he does not. victims are here to study of conduct a criminal activity. you should not be anywhere near the conclave because we believe that whatever poke you vote for is going to continue the cycle of abuse and cover-up. perhaps the protest, the same day manhunt was deposed in a civil lawsuit brought by tom molestations it comes. he helped transfer abusive priests out of state to avoid prosecution and stop them from confessing to therapists who been forced to inform the police. a public outcry has forced young university to suspend plans for a campus center to train special operations forces in interview techniques. the center would be funded by $1.8 million grant from the pentagon and was set to open as early as april. dubbed in interrogation center by critics, the facility would be housed at the yale school of medicine and led by charles
6:10pm
morgan, a professor of psychiatry who previously conducted research on how to tell whether arab muslim men are lying. but citing the need to avoid an ethical treatment as alleged by critics, university released a statement saying "we are not moving forward on any center until we a fully investigated all of these issues raised." you can go to democracynow.org for our story on the proposed center from thursday's broadcast. a three-year prosecution of a private military firm of formally known as blackwater has ended in what critics are calling a slap on the rest. blackwater has reached a plea deal on an array of weapons charges including illegal trafficking. they were accused of seeking to hide their weapons purchases and lying to federal officials. three blackwater officials saw all charges dismissed while two others were sentenced to four months of house arrest and a small fine. blackwater defended itself by claiming they purchased the illegal weapons at behest of the cia.
6:11pm
the global day of action was held saturday to mark army private bradley manning's back -- 1000th day behind bars. he has been held for nearly three years for allegedly passing on u.s. diplomatic cables to wikileaks. rallies and events in support of manning were held more than 70 cities across the u.s. and around the world. those are some of the headlines. this is "democracy now!," democracynow.org, the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. this week marks the final week of black history month, and this year, 2013, marks the 50th anniversary of the pivotal year in america's civil-rights movement. on august 28, 1963 an estimated 250,000 people joined the march on washington for jobs and freedom. dr. martin luther king delivered his famous "i have a dream" speech. today we spend the hour featuring an historic look at the movement that led up to that
6:12pm
march on washington. we air major excerpts of the rarely seen 1970 documentary, "king: a filmed record...from montgomery to memphis." the film was directed by sidney lumet and produced by ely landau, largely made from original newsreel footage. the film was played at a one- time only event march 24, 1970 in theaters across the country. the film was nominated for academy award and is listed in the national film registry. but ever since 1970, the documentary has rarely been seen -- until now, as the distributors of the film have given us permission to share with you. the film has just been released as a 2 dvd set. it begins december 1955 with dr. martin luther king addressing a full church in a primary, alabama. it was just days after rosa parks was arrested. the african committed these --
6:13pm
african commodities had gathered to decide what have became the firm is montgomery boycott. >> it has been moved and seconded that the resolution will be received and adopted. are you ready? all in favor, let it be known by standing on your feet. [cheers] [applause] >> that was the day we started a bus protest which literally electrified the nation and that was the day when we decided that we were not going to take segregated buses any longer.
6:14pm
when we planned the bus boycott, we said if we could just get about 50% or 60% of the negro's of montgomery not to ride buses, this would be any effective boycott. i think that whole day we found a negro's on the bus. from that day on, that boycott was more than 99.9% effective. i remember that monday morning when i was to be in court. the chief defender, many things ran through my mind. i started thinking about the people. all day long drawn to think of something to say to the people -- all day long, trying to think of something to say to the people.
6:15pm
[indiscernible] let us fight passionately. let's be sure our hands are clean. that we never fight with hate and malice but always fight with love so when the walls of segregation tumble in montgomery, we will be able to live with people as our brothers and sisters. rise up and know as you struggle for justice, you do not struggle alone. freedom is never given to anybody. the zero presser has to end domination because he plans to keep you there. he never voluntarily gives it up. that is where the strong resistance comes. we have got to keep on keeping on in order to gain freedom.
6:16pm
it is not done voluntarily. it is done through the pressures that comes about from people who are repressed. people of class never give up their privileges without strong resistance. >> they want to throw white children and colored children together, out of which will, conglomerated [indiscernible] >> a member of the ku klux klan -- >> i for one under god will die before i yield 1 inch. >> i want young men and young women who are not alive today but have come into this world
6:17pm
with new privileges and opportunities, i want them to know and see that these new privileges aren't opportunity -- of opportunity did not come without someone suffering and sacrifice in for them. >> dr. king's church and his house was bombed in montgomery, alabama. >> executive board of the improvement association recommends that the 11th month of protest against the city buses will be called off and that the negro citizens of montgomery, alabama will return to the buses on a non-segregated basis. [applause]
6:18pm
it is further recommended that this return to the buses will not take place until the mandate from the united states supreme court is turned over to the federal district court. >> to november 1955. >> that this mandate will come in just a few days. for those three or four days, we will continue to walked -- [cheers] >> i hereby defied the ruling handed down by the united states supreme court ordering desegregation of public hands. -- public cabs. i will see that our segregation
6:19pm
laws are upheld. >> on this day i issue orders to the chief of police and the police department to continue to make arrests in all violations in reference to the segregation laws. as long as i am police commissioner of the city of montgomery, i intend to follow this. >> this morning the long awaited mandate from the united states supreme court concerning bus segregation came to montgomery. this man did expresses crystal clear that segregation in public transportation is both legally and sociologically and valid -- invalid. in light of this mandate and the unanimous vote rendered by the montgomery improvement association about a month ago, the year old protest against
6:20pm
city buses is officially called off and the negro citizens of montgomery are urged to return to the buses to our morning on and on segregated basis. >> that was dr. martin luther king, jr. speaking december 20, 1956, announcing the end of the montgomery bus boycott after more than 380 days. in a moment, we will play more from the documentary, "king: a filmed record...from montgomery to memphis." the film has just been released on dvd. this is "democracy now!," democracynow.org, the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. back in a moment. ♪ [music break]
6:21pm
>> today we're bringing you major portions of this historic documentary, "king: a filmed record...from montgomery to memphis." this is "democracy now!," democracynow.org, the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. as we return to the film, when the actor james earl jones reads the langston huge column "who but the? the" and in the beginning of the birmingham campaign, a boycott of businesses it it led to hundreds of arrests including several arrests of dr. king himself who was moved to write his letter from a birmingham jail. you'll also hear dr. king read his letter in the context of the movement then underway. it was response to a statement
6:22pm
by eight white alabama clergymen titled "a call for unity," in which they call for the battle of racial segregation to be fought solely in the courts, not in the streets. we start with james earl jones. >>i looked and i saw that man they call the law. he was coming down the street at me! i had visions in my head of being laid out cold and dead, or else murdered by the third degree. i said, o, lord, if you can, save me from that man! don't let him make a pulp out of me! but the lord he was not quick. the law raised up his stick and beat the living hell out of me! now, i do not understand why god don't protect a man from police brutality. being poor and black, i've no weapon to strike back so who but the lord
6:23pm
can protect me? we'll see. >> when i say don't be afraid, you know what i really mean. don't even be afraid to die. i submit to you tonight, no man is free if he fears death. but the minute you conquered the fear of death at that moment, you are free. you must say somehow, i don't have much money. i don't have much education. i may not be able to read and write, but i have the passion to die. [applause]
6:24pm
>> ♪ >> it is in the unhappy truth that racism is a way of life for the vast majority of americans. i can see nothing more urgent than for america to work passionately and unrelentingly to get rid of the disease of racism. if i would seek to give it a blueprint for freedom in birmingham tonight, i would say first that at this moment we must decide that we will no
6:25pm
longer spend our money and businesses that discriminate against negro. i will not rest until we are able to make this kind of witness in this city so that the power structure downtown will have to say we cannot stop this movement and the ball only way to deal with it is to give these people what we owe them and what their god-given rights and constitutional rights demand. [bells toll] >> my dear fellow clergymen. while confined here in the birmingham city jail, i came across your recent statement calling my present activities and wise and untimely.
6:26pm
since i feel that you are men of genuine good will and that your criticisms are sincerely set forth, i want to try to answer your statement and what i hope will be patient and reasonable terms. you deplore the demonstrations taken place in birmingham, but i'm sorry to say your statement fails to express a similar concern for the conditions that brought about the demonstrations. birmingham is probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the united states. it's ugly record of brutality is widely known. there have been more unsolved bombings of negro than any other city in the nation. these are the hard, brutal facts of the case.
6:27pm
you may well ask why direct action, why sit ins, marches and so forth? is it negotiation a better path? nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and forced such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. you speak of our activity in birmingham as extreme. it was not jesus an extremist of love? love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you and pray for them which this by flea usually persecute? we be extremists for the preservation of injustice or the extension of justice. when you have seen vicious mobs
6:28pm
lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim, when you have seen hate filled policemen curse, kick and even kill your black brothers and sisters. when you see the vast majority of your 20 million negro brothers smothering in an airtight cage of poverty in the midst of an of fluid society, when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six-year old daughter why she cannot go to the public amusement park and see her developing an unconscious bitterness toward white people. when you have to concoct an answer for 5-year-old son who is asking, daddy, why do white
6:29pm
people treat colored people so mean? when you are humiliated day in and day out by nagging signs reading "white" and "colored" and your first name becomes nigger, your middle name becomes boy however old you are, and your wife and mother are never given the respected title of mrs. and you are hired by day and haunted by night by the fact you are a negro living constantly at tiptoe stance, never quite knowing what to expect next, and are plagued with inner fears and outer resentments. when you are forever fighting a degenerating and degrading sense of nobodiness, then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait.
6:30pm
you assert our actions, even though peaceful, must be condemned because they precipitate violence. isn't this like condemning jesus because his unique god consciousness and never ceasing devotion to god's will precipitated the act of crucifixion? i have no despair about the future. i have no fear about the outcome of our struggle in birmingham, even if our motives are at present misunderstood. we will reach the goal of freedom in birmingham and all of the nation because the goal of america is freedom. we will win our freedom because the sacred heritage of our nation and the eternal will of the almighty god are embodied
6:31pm
echoing demands. ain't gonna let nobody turn me round taling down that freedom road ♪ down that freedom >> we have asked for four things and we are still holding out for all four. the desegregation of all facilities in the stores. this includes restroom facilities, lunch counters. no. 2, upgrading employment in
6:32pm
the stores so that you have negro clerks and salesmen and women. no. 3, the dropping of all of the charges against the persons who have been unjustly arrested for engaging in these peaceful, non-violent demonstrations on the basis of the first and 14th amendment in the constitution. number five, -- i mean, number four, it women of a biracial committee to deal with other segregation problems that still exist in the setting of a time table to solve the problems such as school desegregation, the reopening of the parts on an integrated basis and compliance with the federal court order. a fair hiring policy and municipal agencies. this would also include negro policeman. >> you can never with these birds if you do not keep you in
6:33pm
them separate. you've got to keep the white and blacks separate. but the law enforcement agencies, that is what e have them hard for, and the governor of state alabama handle this thing. george asked me ask you to do that. tell your friends when you leave here between now and tuesday, leave it alone. they're going to handle the situation. just leave it alone. you know, those kennedy's up there in washington, the little oold of socks and his brother, they would give anything if we had trouble here. if we don't have any trouble, we can beat them at their own game. [chanting freedom]
6:34pm
>> all right. >> the activities which have taken place in birmingham over the last few days, to my mind, mark the nonviolent movement coming of age. this is the first time in the history of our struggle that we have been able literally to fill the jails. in a real sense, this is a fulfillment of a dream that i have always felt if we could fill the jails and are witness to freedom, it would be a man of as an expression of the determination of the negro and a marvelous way to lay the whole issue before the conscience of the local and national .ommunit i think in a real sense this
6:35pm
birmingham movement is one of the most inspiring developments and the whole non-violent struggle -- in the whole non- violent struggle. ♪ freedom ♪ ♪ >> we must say to our white brothers, we will match or capacity to inflict suffering
6:36pm
with our capacity to endure suffering. we will meet your physical force soul force. we will not pay you. yet we cannot and are good conscience obey your evil laws. due to us what you will, fear not children and we will still love you. come into our homes at the midnight hours with lights and take us out and some desolate highways and beat us and lead us there and we will still love you. when all around the country and say that we are to immoral for integration, we are too degraded, yet we will still love you. from our homes and our churches early in the morning, we will still love you. but we will wear you down by our
6:37pm
capacity to suffer. in winning the victory, we will not only when our freedom, we will appeal to your heart and conscience that we will win you in the process. ♪ freedom ♪ >> dr. martin luther king announcing the end of the birmingham campaign, a boycott of businesses that discriminate against african american customers, refuse to employ them and challenging segregation. we will return to the rarely seen 1970 documentary, "king: a filmed record...from montgomery to memphis." ♪ [music break]
6:38pm
>> mahalia jackson singing to check how i got over" at the 1963 march on washington. that is a clip from the 1970 documentary, "king: a filmed record...from montgomery to memphis." we return to the film with ruby dee reading the poem "frederick douglass." then we arrived at the march on washington august 28, 1963 and hear first from the activist their breast and then a philip randolph from one of the organizers of the march. he introduces martin luther king, jr.. >>when it is finally ours, this freedom, this liberty, this beautiful and terrible thing, needful to man as air,
6:39pm
usable as earth; when it belongs at last to all, when it is truly instinct, brain matter, diastole, systole, reflex action; when it is finally won; when it is more than the gaudy mumbo jumbo of politicians: this man, this douglass, this former slave, this negro beaten to his knees, exiled, visioning a world where none is lonely, none hunted, alien, this man, superb in love and logic, this man shall be remembered. oh, not with statues' rhetoric, not with legends and poems and wreaths of bronze alone, but with the lives grown out of his life, the lives fleshing his dream of the
6:40pm
beautiful, needful thing. >> weak demand the segregation be ended and every school district in the year 1963. [applause] we have the effect of civil rights legislation, and no compromise, and a filibuster and that it is true public accommodations, decent housing, integrated education, and the right to vote. what do you say? [cheers] we demand the withholding of federal funds from all programs in which discrimination exists. what do you say? [cheers]
6:41pm
>> at this time i have the honor to present to you a moral leader of our nation >> this is a philip randolph but >> a dedicated man -- [cheers] [indiscernible] seeking to bring about social change, justice, freedom, and human dignity. i have the pleasure to present to you dr. martin luther king, jr..
6:42pm
[cheers] [applause] >> dr. martin luther king. >> i am happy to join with you today and what will go down in history as a greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation. [cheers] [applause] five score years ago, a great american and whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed
6:43pm
the emancipation proclamation. this momentous decree came giving like to hope of millions of negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. it came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity. but 100 years later, the negro still is not free. 100 years later, the life of a negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. 100 years later, the negro
6:44pm
lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. 100 years later -- [applause] the negro is still languished in the corners of american society and finds himself an exile in his own land. we've come here to remind america of the still urgency of now, now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. now is the time. [cheers]
6:45pm
now is the time. [cheers] [indiscernible] [applause] there will be neither rest nor tranquility in america of until the negro is granted his citizenship rights. [applause] we must conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. we must not allow our creative protests to degenerate violence. again and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force. marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the negro
6:46pm
community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people. for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize their destiny -- [cheers and applause] so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, i still have a dream. rooted inadream deeply the american dream. i have a dream that one day this station will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed. the hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal.
6:47pm
[applause] i have a dream that one day on the red hills of jordan, the sons slaves and former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood, i have a dream. that one day even the state of mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice sweltering with the heat of oppression will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. i have a dream -- [applause] little children will one day live in a nation where there will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. i have a dream today. [applause]
6:48pm
i have a dream that one day down in alabama with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with nullification, one day right there that alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. i have a dream today. [applause] i have a dream that one day everybody shall be exalted and every hill and mountain shall be made low and rough places be made clean and the crooked places made straight an.
6:49pm
this is what i go back to the southwest. we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair, a stone. we will be able to transform the discord of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. we will be able to work together and play the other, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together knowing that we will be free one day. [applause] i say to you today, my friends, let freedom ring. from the hilltops of new hampshire, let freedom ring. from the mighty mountains of new york, let freedom ring. from pennsylvania, let freedom ring. from the snowcapped rockies of
6:50pm
colorado, let freedom ring. from the coast of california. not only that, let freedom ring from georgia. let freedom ring from lookout mountain of tennessee. let freedom ring from every hill and molehill in mississippi, from every mountainside let freedom ring. [cheers] when we allow freedom ring, will we let it ring from every state and every city. we will be able to speed up that day when all of god's children, black and white men, jews and gentiles, protestants and catholics, will be ample to join hands and sing in the old negro
6:51pm
spiritual, "free at last, free at lost, press got almighty we are free at last." >> dr. martin luther king, jr. speaking at the march washington august 28, 1963, 50 years ago this year as part of the film, "king: a filmed record...from montgomery to memphis." toend today's show returning alabama in 1965 for there were three historic march is from selma to the capital montgomery, the first taking place march 7, 1965 and became known as bloody sunday as 600 marchers were attacked by police. within 2500 were forced to turn around after crossing the edmund pettus bridge. we'll hear from dr. king as he successfully crosses the bridge along with thousands of others on the third march, under the watch of federal troops mobilized by president lyndon johnson. finally we will hear dr. king's address in the capital of montgomery. >> we have the right to cross
6:52pm
the highway. we have a right to walk to montgomery if our feet can get us there. [applause] we must let the nation know and we must let the world know that it is necessary to protest this three-fold evil. we continue to face it in the most vicious form that we saw last sunday. the attempt to block first amendment privileges. ♪ >> how do you feel about the protection being given you on this march? >> i think this is a real demonstration, a commitment the federal government to protect the constitutional rights of negro citizens. the protection has been a very
6:53pm
thorough, as you can see. the men are working under the guidance, under the power and influence of the federal government to see that things are carried out in an orderly manner. i think that everybody has to recognize that this symbolizes a new commitment and a new determination on the part of the federal government to take the kind of vigorous line that will assure the right of the negro citizens of this nation. ♪
6:54pm
♪ >> dr. king, how are things shaping up for tomorrow? >> things are shaping up beautifully. we have people coming in from all over the country. i suspect we will have representatives from almost every state in the union, and naturally, a large number of people from the state of alabama. we hope to see and plan to see the greatest witness for freedom ever taking place or that has ever taken place on the steps of the capital of any state in the south, and this cold march and strom to the [indiscernible] >> last sunday more than 8000 of us went on a walk from selma, alabama. they told us we would not get here. there are those that said we
6:55pm
would get here over their dead bodies. well, all the world today knows that we are here and we are standing before the forces of power in the state of alabama saying we ain't going to let no one turn us around. [applause] today i want to tell the city of selma, today i want to say to the state of alabama, today i want to say to the people of america and the nations of the world that we are not about to turn around. we are on the move now. yes, we are on the move and no way of racism can stop us. the burning of our churches will not deter us. the bombing of our homes will not dissuade us. the beating and killing of our
6:56pm
clergymen and nine people will not divert us. we are on the move now. like an idea whose time has come, not even the marching of mighty armies can halt the spread we're moving to the land of freedom. i know you're asking today how long it will take rid someone is asking how long will prejudice blind divisions of men. i come to say to you this afternoon, however difficult the moment, however frustrating the our, it will not be long because truth will rise again. how long? not long. because no light can live forever. how long? not long because you shall reap
6:57pm
what you sell. how long? not long because [indiscernible] that scaffold sways the future. god keeping shot above his own. how long? not long because tomorrow the universe is long but it bends toward justice. how long quest wreck not long because my eyes have seen the glory of the coming up the lord. he has loosed the fate of lightning for his terrible swift sword. his truth is marching on. his sounded for the trumpet that shall never call retreat. the swift my soul to answer him, the jubilant my feet, our god is
6:58pm
marching on. glory, hallelujah. of glory, hallelujah! glory, hallelujah! his truth is marching on. >> dr. martin luther king, jr. speaking in march 1965 in montgomery, alabama. from the film, "king: a filmed record...from montgomery to memphis." it was largely made from original newsreel footage. the film was played at a one- time only event in 600 theaters on march 24, 1970. two years after dr. king's assassination in memphis, tennessee. the film has rarely been seen since, but it has just released on dvd. it was produced by ely landau. that does it for our broadcast. democracy now! is looking for feedback from people who appreciate the closed captioning. e-mail your comments to outreach@democracynow.org or mail them to democracy now! p.o. box 693 new york, new york 10013. "democracy now![captioning madey
6:59pm
democracy now!]